World Head Injury Awareness Day 2021

Every year, world head injury awareness day is celebrated on 20th March with an aim to raise and spread awareness about traumatic brain injuries and its implications, focusing on how to keep our heads safe by following the right head safety practices. In the light of the same,  Department of Neurosurgery along with Department of Psychiatric Social Work and Department of Mental Health Education organized a “World Head Injury Awareness Day” event in the  NIMHANS Convention Centre, inviting esteemed guests to address the audience regarding the causes, consequences and safety precautions of head injuries. The Theme of the event was  “Social Responsibility in Preventing Head Injury: Being Responsible Citizens” 

FORMAL EVENT REPORT

The event began with Dr. Meena K. S.(Additional Professor and Head,  Department of Mental Health Education) graciously welcoming the Chief Guest Shri Kamal Pant (IPS) (Commissioner of the Police, Bengaluru City), the special invitee Dr. B.R. Ravikanthe  Gowda (IPS) (Joint Commissioner of Police- Traffic, Bengaluru City), Shri Harish Pandey (IPS), (DCP South Division, Bengaluru City), Dr. G Gururaj (Director of NIMHANS), Dr. B. S.  Shankaranarayana Rao (Registrar, NIMHANS) and Dr. Dwarakanath Srinivas (Head, Department of Neurosurgery, NIMHANS) who inaugurated the program with the lighting of the lamp followed by an invocation by students of College of Nursing.

The Welcome Address to the audience was given by Dr. G Gururaj, the Director of NIMHANS where he highlighted the statistics of Road Traffic Accidents and mentioned some effective methods to prevent head injuries- focusing on the importance of being a good  Samaritan. This was followed by an informative speech by Dr. Dwarkanath Srinivas, Head,  Department of Neurosurgery, NIMHANS, who introduced the concept of world head injury awareness day to the audience and focused on the implications of traumatic brain injuries.  

The department of Neurosurgery in collaboration with the department of  Psychiatric Social Work and department of Mental Health Education curated and published some very creative Information, Education and Communication materials that are now available for the general public. These educational brochures provide a brief insight to the injuries (along with preventive measures) and give effective advice to follow after an incident has occurred.  

Creativity is one of the most efficient outlets that help individuals in the field of health promotion to reach out to the citizens and raise awareness. With the same intent, the joint efforts of Departments of Mental Health Education, Psychiatric Social work and Neurosurgery organised an E-poster competition whose winners for best creativity (won by Abraham  Dominic), best innovative idea (won by Deepa Shashi Byatanal) and most informative poster  (won by Christina Thomas) were felicitated by the esteemed guests during this event. A special appreciation award was given to Master Pranav for being the youngest participant.  

The special invitee, Dr. Ravikanthe Gowda (IPS), Joint Commissioner of Police  (Traffic), Bengaluru City addressed the audience shedding light on the importance of parents and elders as role models for the younger generation in spreading awareness about road safety,  wearing helmet and seat belts. He concluded with a powerful statement stating that following road safety rules is an individual’s responsibility so as to prevent injuries and should not be viewed as norms to escape the police or avoid fines. 

This was shortly followed by a speech by the esteemed guest, Shri Harish Pandey (IPS), DCP South Division, Bengaluru City, who emphasized on the importance of wearing a helmet which serves as a key measure towards preventing head injury as- our head is our responsibility.  

Adding a personal touch to the event, the chief guest Shri Kamal Pant (IPS),  Commissioner of Police, Bengaluru City addressed the audience drawing incidences from his experience to elucidate impacts of road traffic accidents. He took a note of the rising bike riders in Bangalore as compared to other metropolitan cities and highlighted how this is leading to an increased number of accidents and deaths due to carelessness towards road safety rules. 

He requested the Director of NIMHANS, Dr. G Gururaj to encourage the audience to take a  pledge on three crucial aspects: 

1) To always wear seat belt while driving 4 wheeler 

2) To always wear a helmet when riding on a 2 wheeler 

3) To be a good Samaritan and help people in case of an accident and avoid making it an incident meant for publicity.  

This provided the audience with a very helpful insight and helped them take a step towards road safety and progress as better citizens.  

The event was concluded by the vote of thanks by Dr. B. S. Shankaranarayana Rao, The  Registrar of NIMHANS, who expressed his gratitude towards the guests for gracing the event with their presence and also appreciated the efforts of all the 3 departments who were the key organizers of this successful event. All in all the event was highly appreciated by everyone and was seen as a stepping stone towards becoming better citizens and raising and promoting factors they help prevent and understand head injuries.  

E- POSTER CONTEST

The Department of Neurosurgery in collaboration with Departments of Psychiatric Social Work and Mental Health Education conducted an E-poster competition on the theme of “Social  Responsibility in Preventing Head Injury: Being Responsible Citizens”. An overwhelming response was received from all over the country and internationally (from the states of  Karnataka, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Mumbai, Gujarat and from Philippines). A flyer had been made to announce the E-poster competition through Mental Health Education  Department Instagram page and Facebook page. The flyer was also shared with the various departments in NIMHANS. A total number of 66 E-posters were received. There was no bar on the age group. However, most posters were in the age group of 18 and above and one poster from a 7-year-old child was received. The prizes were given to three posters based on their creativity,  innovation and information and a special acknowledgment to the youngest participant, a 7-year 

old boy. The prize winning posters have been attached below:

RELEASE OF IEC MATERIALS

List of IEC material created by the Departments of Neurosurgery, Psychiatric Social Work, and Mental Health Education.  

Videos (2) 

Good Samaritan: A video on Good Samaritan in Kannada, showing who a Good Samaritan is and what he or she does during an emergency in comparison to the bystanders developed by  department of Neurosurgery, Psychiatric Social Work and Mental Health Education.  

Mind your Head: Drink and drive causing accidents are a reason for head injuries and has been a leading cause of harm to oneself and others as well. The psychological trauma to the family,  friends of the effected individuals are another dimension that is often not seen – developed by  department of Neurosurgery, Psychiatric Social Work and Mental Health Education.  

Brochure (1) 

Welfare Benefits: Welfare benefits available for families of traffic victims (government and non-government funding) – by Dr. Kanmani T.R.- Associate Professor of Psychiatric Social  Work and PSW-Neurosurgery Team. 

Posters (7) 

Risk factors for Traumatic Brain Injury: Head injury occurs due to various reasons like riding without helmet, carelessness during level crossing and over speeding etc. To understand the risk factors better, it has been represented in the poster. The poster is presented by Dr. K.S. Meena,  Additional Professor & Head, Department of Mental Health Education and Dr. Latha K,  Assistant Professor, Department of Mental Health Education. 

Helmet use: Safety first in helmet you trust: One of the leading causes of TBI is not wearing the helmet in the RIGHT way. Knowing the right from wrong serves the difference between life and death and hence it is imperial to know its value as depicted in the poster. The poster is presented by Dr. K. S. Meena, Additional professor & Head of the Department, Mental Health  Education and Dr. Latha K, Assistant Professor, Department of Mental Health Education. 

Good Samaritan: A Good Samaritan is a person who voluntarily comes forward without an expectation to help the injured person in an accident or emergency. The increased road accidents due to various reasons show the need of being a Good Samaritan. The above has been depicted in the poster. The poster is presented by Dr. Kanmani T. R., Associate Professor, Department of  Psychiatric Social Work. 

Social responsibility of parents towards road safety (Head injury): The first socializing agent for children are parents thus making it imperative for the parent to teach children about road safety and educating them about rules and regulations when on road. The poster depicts  

what a parent should do to ensure safety of the children. The poster is presented by Dr. Kanmani  T. R., Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work.

Social responsibility of children towards road safety (Head injury): Small children have a  playful nature and have the tendency to often act carelessly due to lack of knowledge and may act impulsively. The poster shows important tips for children like safe pedestrian tips (always use sidewalks, don’t run across), signal knowledge (what each color of the signal means), road signs (cross section etc.) this will also help them educate their peers about the importance and implications of road safety. The poster is presented by Dr. Kanmani T.R., Associate Professor,  Department of Psychiatric Social Work. 

Psychological first aid in emergency and trauma care: Often when a person witnesses an accident-panic sets in. In this case it is advisable to follow the steps given in the poster to provide the best care. The poster is presented by Dr. Kanmani T.R., Associate Professor,  Department of Psychiatric Social Work. 

ACRONYM 1- TRAUMA: Psychological first aid in emergency and trauma care 1- Shedding light on encounters with TRAUMA, this poster focuses on – the primary actions to be taken post-traumatic experience. The poster is presented by Dr. Kanmani T.R. from the Department of  Psychiatric Social Work. 

ACRONYM 2 – TRAUMA: Psychological first aid in emergency and trauma care 2- This poster delivers the message to the people witnessing trauma and the kind of help they could provide following the accident. Here T stands for time-golden hour, R- Reach for the help etc.  The poster is presented by Dr. Kanmani T.R., Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatric  Social Work. 

Booklets 

Booklet 1: Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury and the Life Beyond by Dr. Jamuna  Rajeswaran, Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Dr. Dhaval Shukla, Professor,  Department of Neurosurgery, and Dr. Mohd Afsar, Phd. Scholar, Department of Clinical  Psychology– This booklet conceptualizes the agony and suffering which is experienced not only by Traumatic Brain Injury victims but also by the family members and the caregivers. It provides an insight to the road to recovery.  

Booklet 2: Traumatic Brain Injury – Care for the Caregivers by Dr. Kanmani T.R- Associate  Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work and PSW- Neurosurgery Team, Prof.  Dwarakanath Srinivas, Professor & Head, Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Subas K Konar,  Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery – This booklet highlights the importance of caregivers in managing TBI victims, their responsibilities and caring for themselves. 

Image (1)- Release of Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury and The Life Beyond (Booklet)

Image (2)- Release of Traumatic Brain Injury- Care for the Caregivers (Booklet)

SOCIAL MEDIA 

On the occasion of World Head Injury Awareness Day on 20th March 2021, the Department of  Neurosurgery in collaboration with Psychiatric Social Work and Mental Health Education,  NIMHANS celebrated the event under the theme- Social Responsibility in Preventing Head  Injury: Being Responsible Citizens- at the NIMHANS Convention Centre. 

A digital poster contest on the theme “Social Responsibility in Preventing Head Injury: Being  Responsible citizens” was conducted and entries were invited for the competition through the department’s email. The last date of submission was 15th March 2021 which was extended to 18th March 2018 due to the overwhelming response received. A total of 66 entries were received. 

The Head Injury Awareness day invitation was posted on department Instagram and Facebook pages by inviting people to participate in the event. The chief guests of the event were Sri Kamal  Pant IPS, Commissioner of police, Bengaluru City, Dr. B.R Ravikanthe Gowda IPS, Joint  Commissioner of police (Traffic), Bengaluru city and Shri Harish Pandey, DCP South Division,  Bengaluru City. The event was presided by Dr. G. Gururaj, Director, NIMHANS.  

The event was streamed live on YouTube and the pictures of best Posters and the winners were posted on Instagram and Facebook. The Prize winners of digital poster making competition winners were awarded for Best Creativity: Mr. Abraham Dominic, Best Innovative: Ms. Deepa  Shashi Byatanal and Most Informative: Ms. Christina Thomas. Master Pranav was presented  with a special award for being the youngest participant at 7 years of age.  

The photos, taken on the day of the event, have been uploaded on the department’s social media handles.

MEDIA REPORT 

The very purpose of observing World Head Injury Awareness Day is to disseminate awareness on Head Injury and its complications, and effective ways to prevent Head Injury. The  Dissemination Process is never complete without the involvement of Mass Media. 

As a part of Observing World Head Injury Awareness Day, talk shows were conducted for All  India Radio and Radio Mirchi on 19th March 2021. The Program on All India Radio was a live phone in program in Kannada broadcasted throughout Karnataka and the resource persons were  Dr. Dwarakanath Srinivas, Professor & Head, Department of Neurosurgery and Dr. Nishanth  Sadashiva, Associate Professor , Department of Neurosurgery. The Radio Mirchi program hosted by RJ Smitha involved our Director, Dr. G. Gururaj as the resource person and both the programs were very well received.

An exclusive Interview by Dr. G. Gururaj, Director and Senior Professor of Epidemiology,  NIMHANS was published on the Times of India on 20th March 2021. 

An exclusive interview for the Public TV was organized and the speakers were Dr. Dwarakanth  Srinivas, Professor & Head, Department of Neurosurgery, Dr. Dhaval Shukla, Professor,  Department of Neurosurgery and Dr. Kanmani T. R., Associate Professor, Department of  Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS. 

The Main event organized at the NIMHANS Convention Centre on 20th March 2021 was covered by media houses like Indian Express and News First.

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